GOLD:0060677, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 is a model freshwater cyanobacterium. Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942: Accession numbers: NC_007595, NC_007604: Background: The freshwater cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC 7942 (previously known as Anacystis nidulans R2) was the first cyanobacterium demonstrated to be reliably transformable by exogenously added DNA. Over the … 3. Alex Shearer1, Synechococcus elongatus is a Gram-negative bacterium with an inner and outer cell membrane enveloping a cell wall (3). S. elongatus UTEX 2973 contains a SNP to the gene encoding ATP synthase F1 subunit α, comparable to the corresponding gene in Synechococcus PCC 7942. … 12. The research determined the GlgX protein plays a role in forming the “branching pattern” of polysaccharides such as glycogen (8). Also, its movement is not influenced by light stimulation. Waterbury, J. Database lists are saved as SmartTables that you can edit from your, ©2019 SRI International, 333 Ravenswood Avenue, Menlo Park, CA 94025-3493. Synechococcus elongatus is a freshwater photoautotroph and insignificantly contributes to primary production in the world. 4. In recent years, Synechococcus PCC 7942 has taken a pioneering position as the only developed model system for exploring the mechanism of the prokaryotic circadian clock. IAM M-200, Synechococcus sp. An equal distribution of Synechococcus is seen throughout the mixed layer with favored habitation in the photic zone (2). Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 A marine cyanobacterium Lineage: Bacteria [ 2719 ]; Cyanobacteria [ 83 ]; Chroococcales [ 44 ]; Synechococcus [ 24 ] Synechococcus .These unicellular cyanobacteria are also known as blue green algae and along with Prochlorococcus are responsible for a large part of the carbon … This suggested each dnaK homologue had a specific function (5). Volume 214. p. 71-120. Sato, M. et al. The direct conversion of carbon dioxide into biofuels by photosynthetic microorganisms is a promising alternative energy solution. We characterized a wild isolate of S. elongatus … It is an obligate photoautotroph, with a genome of approximately 2.7 Mb, and two endogenous plasmids, pANL and pANS. In eutrophic habitats or habitats with high nutrients, blooms of cyanobacteria can occur, producing harmful neurotoxins that effect the nerve cells of other organisms (4). Aquat. Photosynthesis occurs at the cell membrane inside thylakoids, which are compartments containing the photosynthetic pigments. hidedelay: 700 "Complete nucleotide sequence of the freshwater unicellular cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 6301 chromosome: gene content and organization. This cyanobacterium is able to swim or glide despite lacking flagella or cilia. Scanlan, D. J. and Nyree, J. W. “Molecular ecology of the marine cyanobacterial genera Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus.” FEMS Microbiology Ecology. We have refined this PGDB by manual curation of data from over 600 research papers, integrating knowledge contributed by many researchers from different fields. IAM M-200, Synechococcus sp. J. Microbiol. var oMenuBar = new YAHOO.widget.MenuBar("pathwayToolsMenubar", Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 (Pasteur Institute, France) was propagated on BG-11 agar medium (Rippka et al., 1979). By disrupting the glgx gene, GlgX protein was not produced. Even though it was isolated from S. elongatus 625, it is most closely related to S. elongatus PCC 7942 with 99.8% similarity. From MicrobeWiki, the student-edited microbiology resource, https://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php?title=Synechococcus_elongatus&oldid=64938. Synechococcus elongatus strain PCC 7942 strictly depends upon the generation of photosynthetically derived energy for growth and is incapable of biomass increase in the absence of light energy. Williams, S.B. Synechococcus elongatus is not yet known to produce any useful compounds or enzymes. Volume 151. p. 1263-1273. 1986. Volume 1770. p. 763-773. “Expression analysis of multiple dnaK genes in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942.” Journal of Microbiology. Volume 189. p. 3751-3758. Obligate phototrophs' core metabolism is very similar to that of heterotrophic counterparts exhibiting diverse trophic behavior. Due to the diversity in its metabolism as well as a genome that can be readily manipulated, Synechococcus holds potential for biofuel production via its … In the absence of combined nitrogen sources, most non-diazotrophic cyanobacteria, e.g., Synechocystis sp. Protein target information for Uracil phosphoribosyltransferase (Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942). Instantiate a MenuBar, passing in the id of the HTML element Volume 52. p. 229-296. 1990. The genus Synechococcus encompasses cyanobacteria in both freshwater and marine environments. They cultured Synechococcus elongatus and ran tests to confirm its ability to photosynthesize (1). // Add dynamically all the menubar commands and menus here if need be. PCC 6803 or Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942, enter a dormant stage called chlorosis. “Pigment size and distribution of Synechococcus in the North Atlantic and Pacific oceans.” Limnol Oceanogr. Synechococcus elongatus PCC7942 NCBI taxonomy Id: 1140 Other names: Anacystis nidulans R2, S. elongatus PCC 7942, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942, Synechococcus elongatus PCC7942, Synechococcus leopoliensis UTEX 2434, Synechococcus leopoliensis strain PCC 7942, Synechococcus sp. Synechococcus seems to be more abundant in nutrient rich marine environments than oligotrophic marine environments that contain a minimal amount of nutrients. Sci. It has also been widely used as a bioreactor to produce biofuels and other metabolic products. Herein, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942, a model cyanobacterium, was engineered to produce α-farnesene from CO 2. The cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 is a potential photosynthetic cell-factory. Synechococcus elongatus PCC 6301 contains a circular chromosome 2,696,255 bp long with a GC content of 55.5 percent. 7. $$('.yuimenu').each(Element.show); The circadian clock proteins include KaiA, KaiB, and KaiC. A Microbial Biorealm page on the genus Synechococcus elongatus, Bacteria; Cyanobacteria; Chroococcales; Synechococcus. Volume 35. p. 45-58. Another study involves the analysis of three dnaK homologues (dnaK1, dnaK2, and dnaK3) and their stress responses in Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942. The Synechococcus elongatus PCC 6301 chromosome contains the genes for 2,527 proteins and 55 RNAs (7). During photosynthesis, Synechococcus elongatus uses water (H2O) for the electron donor, which produces oxygen (O2) as the by-product. on the screen. Chlorophyll a is also extremely common in eukaryotic organisms such as plants. Volume 27. p. 318-329. updateBannerClass(); Frenkel, Albert et al. In order to maximize CO₂ fixation and production rates of valuable product, a high cell growth rate needs to be achieved. oMenuBar.render(); Suzuki, E. et al. Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 genome contains 2719 genes, which we have assigned computationally to 1964 transcription units. */ “Role of the GlgX protein in glycogen metabolism of the cyanobacterium, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942.” Biochim Biophys Acta. Information curated includes metabolic enzymes and pathways as well as several signal-transduction pathways. // User sites can define this fn in userWebsiteCustomization.js in YAHOO.util.Event.onContentReady("pathwayToolsMenubar", function () { By disrupting the glgx gene, GlgX protein was not produced. It is an obligate photoautotroph, with a genome of approximately 2.7 Mb, and two endogenous plasmids, pANL and pANS. Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 has focused on photosynthesis, circadian clock systems, and nitrogen metabolism. Synechococcus elongatus strain PCC 7942 strictly depends upon the generation of photosynthetically derived energy for growth and is incapable of biomass increase in the absence of light energy. 10. 11. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=Tree&id=32046&lvl=3&lin=f&keep=1&srchmode=1&unlock. Fish. The Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 chromosome contains the genes for 2,612 proteins and 53 RNAs. Log in and reload this page to access your saved database lists. Synechococcus elongatus has a rod-shaped appearance and is oligotrophic, having the ability to survive in freshwater environments with low nutrients. Living habitats include freshwater hot springs and other freshwater habitats preferably with a mesophilic or moderate temperature range (9). Carbon dioxide is then converted to glucose through the Calvin cycle and is used for biosynthesis or other energetic needs. }); Frenkel and his colleagues took a suspension of the water and identified the blue-green algae as Synechococcus elongatus. Pauli Kallio 1 Received: 26 November 2018 / Accepted: 26 April 2019 / Published online: 8 May 2019 COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. cellular organisms, Synechococcus elongatus, In the typical marine environment, they are approximately responsible for 25% of the primary production, making them one of the most significant photosynthetic bacteria (6). Mechanisms of phototaxis have been studied in the coccoid cyanobacterium Synechocystissp. 2007. Synechococcus elongatus PCC7942 NCBI taxonomy Id: 1140 Other names: Anacystis nidulans R2, S. elongatus PCC 7942, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942, Synechococcus elongatus PCC7942, Synechococcus leopoliensis UTEX 2434, Synechococcus leopoliensis strain PCC 7942, Synechococcus sp. Although it has been reported that DNA replication also depends on light irradiation in S. elongatus 7942, the involvement of the light in the regulation of DNA replication remains unclear. Taxonomy - Synechococcus elongatus (strain PCC 7942 / FACHB-805) (Anacystis nidulans R2) Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 also contains a circular chromosome approximately 2,700,000 bp long with a GC content of 55.5 percent. Cyanobacteria strain was grown in BG-11 medium at 34 °C under continuous illumination with white fluorescence lamps. NCBI-Taxonomy:1140, Genetic Code Number: Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942. In areas of high nutrients such as coastal plumes or contributions of pollutions, Synechococcus blooms may occur, producing harmful neurotoxins as mentioned earlier (2). Bacteria , addContextSpecificToolbarMenus(); S. elongatus strain DC11, a … The pathway introduced into S. elongatus PCC 7942 for isopropanol production can function under aerobic conditions in Escherichia coli (26). The genome sequence of Synechococcus UTEX 2973 was similar to the cyanobacterium Synechococcus PCC 7942. “Photosynthesis and photoreduction by the blue green alga, Synechococcus elongatus, Nag.” Biology Bulletin. … /* This code needs to be here to avoid the menu and other Yahoo widgets to flicker (2006) Koksharova, … Bull. 1950. Authors: However, Synechococcus have been found to flourish in environments with variable salinity and temperatures as well as certain oligotrophic environments (2). Synechococcus elongatus is a photoautotroph, due to its ability to undergo photosynthesis using energy from sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water (9). Synechococcus elongatus is a freshwater unicellular cyanobacterium. “A circadian timing mechanism in the cyanobacteria.” Adv Microb Physiol. 11 -- Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid (same as Standard, except for alternate initiation codons). Cyanobacteria, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 strain was obtained from GeneArt ® Synechococcus Engineering kit (Invitrogen). strain PCC 6803, but the rod-shaped Synechococcus elongatusPCC 7942, studied for circadian rhythms and metabolic engineering, has no phototactic motility. // order to programmatically alter the menus. This page was last edited on 7 July 2011, at 15:08. The To accomplish the isopropanol production under photosynthetic conditions, we hypothesized that the acetate biosynthesis from carbon dioxide in the … Peter D Karp1. et al. onMenuBarReady.fire([]); Volume 85. p. 140-158. However, marine unicellular photoautotrophs of genus Synechococcus make a major and significant contribution to primary production. Non-diazotrophic cyanobacteria are unable to fix atmospheric nitrogen and rely on combined nitrogen for growth and development. As a result, the glycogen content of the glgx mutant cell had short chains. As noted earlier, they are approximately responsible for 25% of the primary production in the marine environment (9). Sugita, C. et al. 2002. in 1950 discovered Synechococcus elongatus in small rain-filled pools on Angelica Rock, located in Massachusetts. B. et al. ", Photosynth Res. /* The mixed layer is the layer from the ocean surface to a certain depth where density is approximately similar to the surface. Find diseases associated with this biological target and compounds tested against it in bioassay experiments. The cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatusPCC 7942 is widely used in basic and applied research. Olson, R. J. et al. It moves in a wave-like manner and this movement is possibly accomplished via projections from the cell surface (9). The experiment involved creating a reporter assay to show that under stress conditions, only the dnaK2 gene was induced. “Ultrastructure of a marine Synechococcus possessing spinae.” Can. One plasmid of Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 is currently being sequenced by Dr. Golden’s lab at Texas A&M University in conjunction with the DOE Joint Genome Institute. Extensive studies on cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 have assessed the dual function of carbon capture with product generation such as biodiesel and recombinant protein. In this study, a model cyanobacterium, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942, is engineered to produce free fatty acids (FFA), potential biodiesel precursors, via gene knockout of the … Synechococcus elongatus uses carbon dioxide (CO2) as its carbon source through the Calvin cycle. These genes encode 2674 polypeptides. Synechococcaceae, }); Shift-click to select a range; Ctrl-click to select multiple non-contiguous organisms. Cyanobacteria/Melainabacteria group, 2005. representing the MenuBar. The cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus (S. elongatus) PCC 7942 is a unicellular, obligate photoautotroph that represents a preeminent model for studying photosynthesis and circadian rhythms [ 5, 6 ]. Synechococcus elongatus has one circular chromosome and two plasmids. The freshwater cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 exhibits light-dependent growth. Later, Frenkel et. T number: T00300: Org code: syf: Aliases: SYNE7, 1140: Full name: Synechococcus elongatus PCC7942: Definition: Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942… Obligate phototrophs' core metabolism is very similar to that of heterotrophic counterparts exhibiting diverse … This study was accomplished by disrupting the glgx gene using an inserstional inactivation technique. Synechococcus elongatus is currently not known to cause any diseases. 8. Koksharova OA et al. The freshwater cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 holds a special place in the development of cyanobacterial molecular genetics. Nucleotide (GenBank) : CP000101 Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 plasmid 1, complete sequence Permits: These permits may be required for shipping this product: Customers located in the state of Hawaii will need to contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to determine if an Import Permit is required. 2. Other accessory pigments include phycobiliproteins, which give the blue-green coloration or pigmentation of Synechococcus elongatus as well as other cyanobacteria (2). Perkins, F .O. Synechococcus, One current study is the function of the GlgX protein in Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942. USHA NAIR, COLLEEN THOMAS, AND SUSAN S. GOLDEN* Department of Biology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3258. Both strains are closely related to each other. 1. Synechococcus elongatus is unicellular, rod-shaped, and may appear in the environment as isolated, paired, linearly connected, or in small clusters. In this study, transgenic Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 (TA) was constructed by cloning the Oryza sativa L. japonica DHAR (OsDHAR) gene controlled by an isopropyl β-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG)-inducible promoter (Ptrc) into the cyanobacterium to study the functional activities of OsDHAR under oxidative … The … protein target information for Uracil phosphoribosyltransferase ( Synechococcus elongatus uses carbon dioxide is then to. Content and organization in and reload this page was last edited on 7 July,... Strains of these cyanobacteria have been sequenced: Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942, studied for rhythms! Widely used as a result, the glycogen content of 55.5 percent ; // User sites can this! Despite lacking flagella or cilia with Synechococcus elongatus in small rain-filled pools on Angelica Rock, located in.... 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