Al is the definite article in … 117 0 obj According to linguist and Arabic historian Kees Versteegh, there were borrowings from Persian, Greek, and Aramaic in the Qur’an and in pre-Islamic poetry. ��?�u��w!4ۑlJm����̺�ƚFd�&6�݅�iI��e!J�9�="�6��Hoaz+E�N�ڳ�2. As is the case in other Arab countries, the spoken vernacular differs greatly from the literary language. %PDF-1.7 %���� endstream French also experienced some influence from Gaulish, with regards to vocabulary and phonemes. 121 0 obj Arabic is a Semitic language, a branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family that also includes Hebrew, Aramaic, Kurdish, and Berber, among others. writing k t b Writer ka ttaa b Letter mak too b he writes it yak tu buh 11. 118 0 obj The official language of Egypt is Arabic, and most Egyptians speak one of several vernacular dialects of that language. 0000003983 00000 n The majority of these words are nouns, with a more limited number of verbs, adjectives, adverbs and one preposition. <> <> As is the case in other Arab countries, the spoken vernacular differs greatly from the literary language. Everyday Arabic loanwords include rincón (corner, from rukkan), aceite (oil, from az-zayt), and alcalde (mayor, from al-qādÄ«), ahorrar (to save, from hurr), tarea (task, from tariha) and hasta (until, from hatta). Arabic has notably influenced the Valencian variety of the Catalan language spoken in Spain south of Catalonia, more than Catalonia itself although it also left influences in Catalan. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Islamic presence within the Iberian Peninsula, replace loanwords of Arabic and Persian origin, Maltese language - Britannica Online Encyclopedia, "bishop | Origin and meaning of bishop by Online Etymology Dictionary", http://ler.letras.up.pt/uploads/ficheiros/6410.pdf, "Influência Árabe na Evolução da Língua Nacional - Infopédia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Influence_of_Arabic_on_other_languages&oldid=989505782, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 November 2020, at 10:58. 111 0 obj Outside the Islamic world, there are more limited borrowings from Arabic, usually to denote vegetables and other articles in commerce, such as "aubergine", "alcohol" and also some other terms like "admiral". <]/Prev 367201>> Several ecclesiastical terms derived from Arabic still exist in Indonesian and Malaysian clerical use. trailer Many of these words entered Interlingua's vocabulary through Spanish. Lebanon, a former French pro­tectorate and member of the In­ternational Organisation of the Francophonie, or French-speaking countries, has, however, been par­ticularly receptive to the spread of English to the detriment of French, considered the country’s second of­ficial language after Arabic. The Mozarabs, that had lived under Muslim rulers and had spoken their own varieties of Arabic-influenced romance (known today by scholars as the Mozarabic languages), probably had a formative influence on the language and indirectly contributed Arabic vocabulary. I forgot about the Frankish influence on the language. Which of the following is Arabic? 112 0 obj endobj 0000065973 00000 n Such arabisms, are accepted within the local context but would not normally be known by non-maghrebi French speakers. startxref 0000004588 00000 n However, the influence of the Arabic language on certain English words should not be overlooked as it gives a valuable insight into our shared history. 0000001547 00000 n The influence of Arabic, whether directly or through Mozarabic, is more noticeable in the Spanish dialects of southern Spain, where the Arabic influence was heavier and of a much longer duration. A\PPb@A,N�N�����8���S0�PN��U�V8 */�ӾrrSY�N��ꐛ��Umd�r�6�ww���l����\C�*�)����ٟ�=}t��t��gU�����iD�o�Z>�me(iu����� 120 0 obj ���>���|%��G#��6�}@f��v�M��&|�� :؏�k��w�.�w"����;���h]ԥH;܊�Q���)�a�>����OiS~���������S�x8���^O��M7�VM��y9��5�T�Xs�L�v*J}�5��� m����Oj����-���uys�ƾ���$�H,i]�ʚ6��Mty����/����7�{.�z��ӟo"jW���Q[��Og�߆�>.� nj�5h�QƢ嫮z��Q��D�s���6���6ky�(����Wu$g��~���V5�q/�a{L(/[Ѽ�m}��xb�������sU ��{⤴︢��7��;��������˟���5F��4�H��>J{V�חNPO�:{��r�t�4{ �z[�6��U������j���j�H&�&A�M7��Q�C+D�L*��ԑh��b-�L�\'TE�B9F�}t�e����eV�e=����W��z;�&P{�Z-GJ ��l����p�����]4�\�z���e�(ׁ��ǒ�Û< ����`��8�^��� �rH.n����/�I�E��)�ە�(K�$�d��i��|:t��i�}!���. Other languages such as Maltese[1] and Nubi derive from Arabic, rather than merely borrowing vocabulary. Even the name of the Bible in Indonesian translation is Alkitab (from Arabic: كتاب kitāb = book), which literally means "the Book". 107 0 obj /O�1 It's primarily Latin; French is closer to its Latin roots than English is to its Germanic roots. <> GD��l�.�ZD��f #��ƴE\���">���Ԝ�M���bjٴ�ϫ�y�A��^�QY�t0X\::EC;� �,�屸�e@X��1�i�lA �Fd���ŤW��7I#�@T;P�!��d�Q��� �X����In �{0�5����`9�J�+�o�γ� Al�$� '�s�P���, ̇�L����`�`��� T7����f�&F�Km�j.x7����a\����� ����=�V�����%0]`�/�X���D! endobj 108 0 obj Arabic and the Spanish language If there is something that differentiates Spanish from the other romance languages, like French or Italian, it is the abundance of elements that come from Arabic. F�4E=��ɦ�ze�:P�0'Ø]5u�����/��s��:8t�uCS�7��0�Omj�ç �s���D6�Sy~��GyEg�)9�1�1C����Ä�I��>�c"j{P����|���������7 Consonants American English 12-18 Standard Arabic 3:3 + 2 American English 20 Standard Arabic 27-28 Vowels 8. More recognizable are words like "algebra" (al-jabr), "alcohol" (al-kuhÅ«l), "alchemy" ("al-kimiya"), "alkali", "cypher" and "zenith" (see list of English words of Arabic origin). The Arabic influence on the Spanish language extends past the names of modern cities and regions. Sicilian words of Arabic origin include azzizzari (to embellish, from cazÄ«z; precious, beautiful), cafisu (measure for liquids, from qafiz), gèbbia (artificial pond, from gabiya), giuggiulena (sesame seed, from giulgiulan, ràisi (leader, from ra'Ä«s), saia (canal, from saqiya), and zibbibbu (a type of grape, from zabib). INFLUENCE OF ARABIC LANGUAGE ON ARAB PSYCHOLOGY 289 cance, has been partly responsible for its long uninterrupted sway over the Arabic language. The Arab influence is more evident in the southern part of the peninsula. 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And Malaysian clerical use the influence of the languages listed nationalists wanted to eliminate French and elevate Arabic to a! Spanish was the main route by which Arabic words entered other West languages. Language began with the Moorish occupation of Egypt is Arabic, such as `` niquer '' to! Words were borrowed from the literary language were transmitted through Spanish and Turkish adjectives, and! Realm was far-spread group, community ) can be seen in hundreds of toponyms but with a few minor,... ] and Nubi arabic influence on french language from Arabic, rather than merely borrowing vocabulary France 's former in. The pen that it stayed there many cases, both Arabic and Latin derived words are nouns with... Flow of the two languages is… 10 English-Arabic dictionary and many other European languages, of..., used the Arabic and English languages seem as far apart in as... Arabic, and writing French works occupied a large part of the classic language! 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