Going Rogue: A Case Study in Unchecked Shadow IT. eWEEK IT SCIENCE: Mux, a video production SaaS and analytics company, needed to provide security and compliance for its container and Kubernetes-based environments across Google and … At the end of July 2019, news broke of yet another data breach. The SSRF exploitation exposes the AWS metadata service which is internal to EC2. Consequently, sensitive corporate data is uploaded and shared across them. Case studies and success stories. Germany- and Austria-based CLOUDPILOTS Software & Consulting GmbH is a Google Cloud Partner and delivers digital transformation and cloud-based collaboration solutions for companies. by Jeremy Axmacher, Team Lead, Managed Services Cloud, Presidio, 4396. While using AWS CLI to run commands we would be using the ‘profile’ option to use the “new” profile we just created . Service roles for EC2 instances are used to delegate access to AWS resources. Steve Martino Chief Information Security Officer. Security is “job zero” at AWS, a philosophy that is embraced across their entire organization and technology stack. List the three basic clouds in cloud computing. The AWS CLI related config files can be found at C:\Users\\.aws\This directory contains a config file named credentials. Company A’s core competency is performing software development, not providing hosting solutions. What are the functions in a privacy case study? let’s take a moment and look at the attack pattern through the lens of AWS shared responsibility model. One of the world’s largest cloud security providers delivers software that identifies adverse activities across thousands of cloud services and millions of websites. Publicly posted data owned by Capital One was identified three months after the breach by a security researcher who then notified Capital One. As a state entity, Minnesota needs to ensure the data they manage is protected with the proper cybersecurity controls in place. curl http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/iam/security-credentials/. CASE STUDY 8 1. IT Science Case Study: Aligning Security with a Cloud-First IT Strategy. curl http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/iam/security-credentials/. A trusted partner like Presidio can help you improve your security posture in the cloud, continuously evolve it and enable you to focus on growing your business. Once an attacker has access to these security credentials (access key ID, secret access key and token), it is trivial to access the AWS resources that share a trust relationship with the affected EC2 instance, using AWS-CLI. Cloud Security: Services, Risks, and a Case Study on Amazon Cloud Services () Patrick Mosca 1 , Yanping Zhang 1 , Zhifeng Xiao 2 , Yun Wang 3 1 Department of Computer Science, Gonzaga University, Spokane, USA . On the other hand the temporary security credentials come with a token which ensures that the keys are expired every few hours. The oldest reference to this type of exploitation I could find on the Internet dates back to 2014. Building an environment in the cloud involves several issues we need to take into consideration, such as how to access resources in the cloud, where and how to store data in the cloud, how to protect the infrastructure, etc. By using the IBM Cloud® Kubernetes Service on IBM Cloud and additional cloud services, PBM gains the flexible, scalable and security-rich environment it needs to launch hyper-personalized … At Security Services, we recognize that the security of your home and business premises is an absolute priority.This can only be achieved by creating a good security program for your premises. With three levels of coverage, Alert Logic’s Managed Detection and Response platform provides 24/7 protection against constantly evolving cyber attacks. The most recommended approach to secure the metadata service is to add a header which would mitigate the issue with forged requests. Google Cloud Platform superiority in data analytics tools, processing, and highly scalable storage helps us provide the best security service possible for our customers,” says Phil Syme, Chief Technology Officer at Area 1 Security. Siemens built an AI-enabled cyber-security platform on AWS. TL;DR: This attack pattern applies to applications hosted in AWS which are affected with a certain type of SSRF vulnerability. Amazon Web Services is used as a case study for discussing common cloud terminology. So, how do we ensure proper configuration? We found a security bug (SSRF) which affected one of the applications running inside EC2. The end goal is to have a proof of concept focusing on Server Side Request Forgery (SSRF) and the AWS metadata service. ... Case Study Sponsored. Amazon Web Services is used as a case study for discussing common cloud terminology. S3 buckets with sensitive data. This is a sample case study that may be used on the Professional Cloud Architect exam. Next In Trending Global software company contracts with CBTS for Virtual CISO. Explain your answer Distributed Denial-of-Service Attacks: At the time when cloud computing was formerly common, cloud-stage Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) actions were essentially inconceivable; the sheer measure of asset management of cloud computing had made DDoS attacks … Read the case study … Cloud services such as Office 365 or Slack are key productivity solutions in many organizations today. For windows instances, just put the URL in a browser. Basically, an EC2 instance with appropriate service role would be using temporary security credentials while requesting data from an S3 bucket. For example, if an EC2 instance needs access to an S3 bucket -- A role needs to be created with an appropriate policy allowing access to S3- The role needs to be assigned to the EC2 instance to enable the host to access S3 buckets, Create an S3 bucket using the AWS console and upload a test file. Once they were aware of the issue, Capital One was able to quickly repair the issue that had allowed the breach. Forget Russia, China, and Iran — Up to 80% of Cybersecurity Threats Are Closer to Home, How To Build A Secure Browser For Organizations. Fortinet’s Global Training and Enablement group cannot afford any downtime of its custom, Moodle-based learning platform, which runs in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) public cloud. White Paper. This is important, as any attacker exploiting this vulnerability would need to reacquire the keys every few hours after they expire. Data, including Social Security numbers and personally-identifiable-information (PII), had allegedly been stolen from Capital One. Second, the IT infrastructure that was breached had been hosted on Amazon Web Services (AWS). Get visibility into cloud-based security risks, provide secure access to cloud applications and include cloud providers in third-party governance. Mayank Sharma. If the keys were static in nature the attacker would be able to maintain persistent access even after the SSRF issue was fixed. AWS is responsible for protecting the infrastructure that runs all the services offered in the AWS Cloud. If you were motivated enough to create a test AWS environment, then you should have everything shown in the diagram above but the web server. The funny thing here is that SSRF is not even a part of OWASP top 10. The important thing to understand is that, metadata service can provide access to these temporary credentials (access keys). The investment firm had been using A/V protection software provided by their managed service partner. Another important piece of this demo is the “Metadata Service”. Organisations are experiencing the perfect storm when it comes to securing what they are building in the cloud. a complaint filed by the FBI in Federal court. Presidio is a leading North American IT solutions provider focused on Digital Infrastructure, Business Analytics, Cloud, Security & Emerging solutions. Business-focused social networking site LinkedIn felt … Posted on 23 November 2020. Follow. Some guys have all the luck – or not. Company A is a start-up that offers business software branded as BusinessExpress. Use AWS IAM to create a service role which has access to S3 and assign this role to EC2 instance. Several pieces have been written analyzing how the attack was carried out, detected and remediated. 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