They were not accustom to hard labour and were force to work by the Spaniards. However, there were never significant Spanish communities on the island, which was why it easily occupied by the British. Second, the question asks why the Spaniards, rather than some other country, came to the Caribbean. Tel: 1 (876) 926-3590-4 1 (876) 926-3740-6. These people came to be known as Maroons (from the Spanish cimarron, meaning ‘wild’, a word applied to escaped slaves). Senior, Olive. Bank of Jamaica notes made their first appearance on 1 May 1961 in the denominations of 5/-, 10/-, 1 and 5 pounds. Thus, the Spanish were forcibly evicted by the English at Ocho Rios in St. Ann. A TIMELINE OF JAMAICA. The Spaniards cam to Jamaica in 1494. In 1645 the British captured Jamaica from the Spaniards, whose former slaves refused to surrender, took to the mountains and repelled all attempts to subjugate them. The overriding ambition of the explorers was to accumulate a vast quantity of wealth at any cost, and then having fulfilled their dream, to return to Spain and live a life of luxury. The origin of European ethnicity in Jamaica began with the arrival of the Spanish in1494, when Christopher Columbus, in his geographical explorations made claim of the island on landing in St. Anns Bay, which later became the central location of the Spaniards. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. In Jamaica at the time, slaves far outnumbered their white counterparts by twelve to one (12-1). The Tainos came from south America mainland and they migrated to Jamaica through the Lesser Antilles and Puerto Rico around 650 AD. When the Spanish (in the form of Columbus's expedition) came to the Caribbean in the late 15th century, they were coming for "gold, God, and glory." 1493 Spanish discovery of Dominica, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Antigua, Saint Martin, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Jamaica. Samuel Sharpe, a self educated slave, was born in Jamaica in 1801. 1498 Spanish discovery of Trinidad, Tobago, Grenada, Margarita Island. As early as 1510, the first governor of Jamaica, Juan de Esquivel, was appointed and the island was incorporated into the Viceroyalty of New Spain. 1494 Christopher Columbus lands in Jamaica. Thus, a group of Spanish soldiers came to Jamaica, who settled in the already Santiago de la Vega, reinforcing this Spanish community in the capital of the island, to exert greater resistance to British occupation. Question: When did the Spanish come to America? Jamaica - Jamaica - History: The following history of Jamaica focuses on events from the time of European contact. In a brief account by Bartholomew de Las Casas in, Drawing depicting the destruction of the Tainos by the Spanish, including attacks by dogs, as shown in the upper left hand corner of the drawing. Every city or town also celebrates the feast day of its patron saint with processions, dancing, and bullfights. There he was greeted by the Tainos, who treated them as kings presenting them with peace offerings of cassava, fruit and fish not knowing that this initial interaction would be the advent of years of torture and mistreatment that would decimate their population so rapidly that would lead to their eventual demise. Jamaica: Jamaica is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea. 1655 The English invade Jamaica. By Tim Lambert. The Arawaks, were the indigenous people who lived in Jamaica prior to Columbus’s arrival. In May 1655, around 7,000 English soldiers landed near Jamaica's capital, named Spanish Town and soon overwhelmed the small number of Spanish troops (at the time, Jamaica's entire population only numbered around … There are mountains and plateaus to the interior and east of the island. Jamaica is celebrating 50 years of political Independence this year. Failing to encounter the wealthy trading societies that … 1496 Spanish foundation of Santo Domingo - colonization of Hispaniola begins. In 1645 the British captured Jamaica from the Spaniards, whose former slaves refused to surrender, took to the mountains and repelled all attempts to subjugate them. All together these groups created the diverse people of Jamaica today, to which we owe the national motto “Out of Many, One People’. With pirates installed in Puerto Real, the Spanish would be deterred from attacking. The first Africans to arrive came in 1513 from the Iberian Peninsula after having been taken from West Africa by the Spanish and the Portuguese. However, it was in 1655 when the English army, led by the British Admiral Sir William Penn and General Robert Venables, finally occupied the island, taking over the last Spanish fort in Jamaica. Approximately 81,500 Indians live in Jamaica today, maintaining their own cultural organizations and roots but assimilated into the wider community. They immediately fled to the mountains where they fought to retain their freedom and became the first Maroons. History Facts. Columbus named the island as Santiago and used it as a mini-state for his family. In 1524, the settlers left New Seville and, around 1534, moved to the current Spanish Town, founded by the colonial governor of Jamaica Francisco de Garay with the name of Our Lady of the Blessed Villa de la Vega, Santiago de la Vega, St. Jago de la Vega or Villa de la Vega (the place that the English renamed Spanish Town when they conquered the island in 1655). After Christopher Columbus tried to reach Asia in 1492 by sailing west of Africa, the Old World’s view of the planet changed. We have the luck to be a crucible of bloods. The Spaniards who came were baptised Roman Catholics. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spanish_settlement_in_Jamaica&oldid=991809762, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 22:56. However, with the hopes of great fortune in mind Columbus and his crew set sail for the island of Jamaica on the afternoon of May 3, 1494 and arrived on the island on the 5th. With his second voyage of 1493 permanent European occupation of the Caribbean began, with enormous consequences for the peoples and ecology of the region. The Spanish introduced many crops Jamaica as sugar cane, bananas and citrus fruits. African - Spanish settlers brought their slaves with them from Europe. Originally called Villa de la Vega (later Santiago de la Vega), Spanish Town was founded in 1534 and became the colony’s second capital in 1538 after Spain relocated the seat of its government from Sevilla la Nueva (New Seville was named capital in 1509). Jamaica History Timeline 600-1000 AD: Arawak Indians arrived in Jamaica from South America 1494: Columbus made his first visit to Jamaica 1503-1504: A shipwreck strands Columbus on the island’s north coast during the explorer’s fourth expedition. The peaceful and idyllic life of the Tainos was disintegrated when the Europeans came to Jamaica in the last decade of the 15 th century. Jamaica Under the Spaniards. In the 1930’s, politics in Jamaica was born. This occurred on his second voyage to the West Indies. Less than a year later, Columbus was dead, and the island of Jamaica, like the larger Hispaniola to the north, was bequeathed … The arrival of Spaniards in Jamaica began in 1494, with the arrival of Christopher Columbus to the island in search of gold (as in Cuba and the Spanish, where he had reported the existence of the island, calling it Xaymaca, intending to say, in the indigenous language, "place of gold blessed"), but then discovered that there was no gold on the island. The towns that were established by the Spaniards developed into little more than settlements. The arrival of Spaniards in Jamaica began in 1494, with the arrival of Christopher Columbus to the island in search of gold (as in Cuba and the Spanish, where he had reported the existence of the island, calling it Xaymaca, intending to say, in the indigenous language, "place of gold blessed"), but then discovered that there was no gold on the island. When: Sugar and slavery both introduced by Spaniards in the 16th century, abolished in 19th century Key Facts: Mass battle of freedom from the Cameroons & other African slaves History today: Sugar is still the biggest export in Jamaica Early Jamaica. They came in search of gold. Spanish Jamaica Shipwreck, hunger, thirst, and bloodshed. After the British took Jamaica, the Jews of the colony, many of whom were from Spain and Portugal, decided that the best defense to try to prevent the recovery of the island from Spain was encouraged to make the colony a base for pirates of the Caribbean. After the Spanish repelled this poorly executed attack, the English force then sailed for Jamaica, the only Spanish West Indies island that did not have new defensive works. What did the Spaniards contribute to Jamaican culture? They were servants, cowboys, herders of cattle, pigs and horses, as well as hunters. In 1655 the Spaniards, who held Jamaica, surrendered to the English of the expedition led by Venables. Columbus himself shipwrecked off the north coast for twelve months between 1508 and 1509, a stretch of coastline whose beauty he had praised so highly only two years before. The arrival of Christopher Columbus in the northern Caribbean with three Spanish ships in October 1492 marked the beginning of continuing European contact with the Americas. Email: Send us your query The Spanish also came without women and as of such, often the Taino women were raped by the settlers. On the other hand, the town's name derive from the Spanish Moneague The adjective Monte de Agua (the name by which the Spaniards called it because it is a village surrounded by hills, one of which emanates a creek) 7 or, as Yates, La Manigua, word much used in Cuba to refer to a dense forest and impenetrable.5 Some Spanish gentilicios of the island, however, have been lost, such is the case of the Río de la Villa (Current Copper River name appointed to the region by the British, probably as HP Jacobs, after seeing the word copper on a map, pointing at one point there, and believe that was the name of the Rio5) and river near Spanish Town, Boca Water, river is now called Bog Walk (Paseo del Pantano) .7 However, Robert Wallace Thompson rejects the idea of Bruton on the relationship between the current names of Jamaican places mentioned the names designated by the Spanish in the same the absence, according to him, documents and colonial sources indicating, if you like, the existence of those names during the Spanish era of the island, indicating that such names derive from Indian words (Orocabezzas, perhaps Orocavis, word found in Santo Domingo) or English (Ocho Rios, Port Antonio maybe). 926-3590-4 1 ( 876 ) 926-3590-4 1 ( 876 ) 926-3740-6 the first fifty years enslavement. 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