http://ijrpb.com/current%20issues/1/v1_is4/ijrpb%201%284%29%2015%20page%20554-557.pdf, http://www.disabled-world.com/artman/publish/glori.shtml, (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)), Updated species field : Habitat and Distribution > General Habitat, https://explore.recolnat.org/search/botanique/simplequery=Gloriosa%2520superba, https://portal.wiktrop.org/biodiv/species/show/149. Botanical name - Gloriosa superba Family - Colchicaceae Life cycle - Perennial Morphology . Gloriosa … Gloriosa superba. Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. Gloriosa superba is a cryptophyte with a perennial subterranean tuber and ephemeral, sparsely branched climbing stems which die back at the end of the growing season (Maroyi et al., 2013; Padmapriya et al., 2016). Its extract is as a mutagen to produce plants with polyploid cells. The ontogeny and morphology of the tuber of Gloriosa superba are investigated. 1. Elle est simple ou peu ramifiée, faiblement autoportante. Gloriosa superba is a slender, herbaceous vine grown from a thick tuberous rootstock. English language common names include flame lily, climbing lily, creeping lily, glory lily, gloriosa lily, tiger claw, and fire lily. Gloriosa superba is considered as a single highly variable species. ), associated mostly to vertebrates. Description générale des milieux où l'espèce se développe (écosystème, forêt, environnement ou micro-habitat). Hierdie meerjarige orgaan (knol) is voorheen as 'n risoom, wortelstok of knol geklassifiseer. Les fleurs sont simples, axillaires portées, par un long pédoncule généralement se recourbant vers le bas. Biodiversity Informatics Platform. Students you will learn about General Introduction - Latin name & family Morphology Properties, Useful part & dosage Ayurvedic Preparations of Langali – Gloriosa superba … (2002). Les anthères sont fusiformes de 10 mm de long et fixées au filet par leur milieu. It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. Gloriosa superba is a species of flowering plant in the family Colchicaceae. The leaves are shiny, bright green, and are tipped in a tendril, which will cling to anything it touches. NOMENCLATURE Common Name - GLORY LILLY Valid Name - Gloriosa superba L. Synonyms - Vernacular - Eng. It could also cover phenomena such as "plant flowering" or "chewing rates". Liana climbing structure Liana with tendrils . Flore illustrée des phanérogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique. Bot., 1994,60(6): 321-324 321 Tuber ontogeny, morphology and vegetative reproduction of Gloriosa superba L. L.G. Gloriosa superba is a climbing medicinal herb with seeds and tubers containing valuable alkaloids viz., colchicine and colchicoside. Powered by the open source Variables d'intérêt pour l'écologie (composition, distribution, biomasse, allelopathie). La marge est entière et les deux faces sont glabres, de couleur vert brillant. Les feuilles sont simples, alternes, pouvant parfois être opposées ou verticillées. The style-bearing hermaphroditemeranthium of the flowers orientates towards open spaces in the vegetation thusincreasing the probability that butterflies land first on the hermaphroditemeranthium. The stems die back in late summer, and the tubers are dormant during winter. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. It is scandent, climbing using tendrils, the stem reaching 4 meters long; The leaves are mainly alternately arranged, but they may be opposite, as well. Gloriosa superba est une plante lianescente herbacée longue de 0,5 à 2,5 m qui s'accroche aux supports par les vrilles se trouvant à l'extrémité des feuilles. In India, it is usually found in Himalayan foot-hills, central India, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Bengal. CONCLUSION: The flower morphology of G. superba results in effective pollentransfer on the wings of butterfly visitors. Growth form Erected . Herbaceous climbers with tuberous roots. Elles sont sessilles, voire embrassantes. Gloriosa superbais a deciduous, summer-growing climber up to 5 feet (1.5 m) tall, with tuberous roots. This perennial organ (tuber) was previously classified as a rhizome, root stock or tuber. Artemisia annua is a plant that produces active ingredients artemisinin as malarial drugs, hemorrhoids therapy, aromatherapy, antiviral, anticancer, and anti-bacterial. Previous research has shown that the . Blooms summer to fall. Peut inclure des services écosystémiques. Description. Leaf arrangement Alternate . Gloriosa superba. Flowers bisexual, showy, axilliary, solitary or in few-flowered, terminal racemes; pedicel to 7 cm long. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. La fleur présente un périanthe constitué de 6 tépales linéaires ou étroitement lancéolés, de 4 à 10 cm de long et 25 à 30 mm de large, à marge plus ou moins ondulée, sauf pour la forme appelée précédemment G. simplex dont la marge n'est pas ondulée. We consider this organ to be a hypopodial tuber mostly consisting of two metamorphous hypopodia with an apical bud enveloped by a prophyll, all covered by the remains of leaf bases. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0254-6299(16)30586-5. This information will then be used to monitor trends in extinction risk and help focus conservation efforts where they are needed most. The current map showing distribution of species is only indicative. Morphological and biochemical traits were employed for characterizing 18 germplasm accessions of G. superba representing different geographical regions of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. Gloriosa superba is being monitored as part of the Sampled Red List Index Project, which aims to produce conservation assessments for a representative sample of the world's plant species. This perennial organ (tuber) was previously classified as a rhizome, root stock or tuber. Open- and hand pollination, ovule morphology, seed structure and germination of Gloriosa superba L. are discussed as possible factors influencing reproduction. L'ovaire est supère, fusiforme, court, surmonté d'un long style filiforme, coudé à angle droit dès la base et trifide à son sommet. climbing lily, creeping lily, fire lily, flame lily, gloriosa, gloriosa lily, glory lily, Rhodesian flame lily By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. This species is a perennial herb growing from a fleshy rhizome. The ontogeny and morphology of the tuber of Gloriosa superba are investigated. - Glory Lily Kan. - Karadi, Kanninagadde Mal. Fournet, J. La source doit être explicitement citée. The protogynous flowers in the frondose raceme are psychophilous and ornithophilous with … L'appareil souterrain est un rhizome fusiforme tubérisé, horizontal pouvant mesurer 10 à 15 cm de long. Graine Morphology and Distribution of Gloriosa: Gloriosa consists of the dried tubers of Gloriosa superba that belongs to the family Liliaceae. Une à quatre tiges se développent à partir d'un tubercule. Gloriosa superba. Gloriosa superba has weak stems and uses other plants for support, climbing by means of the tendrils at its leaf tips, which cling to shrubs and trees that they touch.. Tubers are eaten by porcupines. Aspect général Provided by: [ C ]. The slender stems are produced annually and are upright to scrambling and can grow up to 13.3 feet (4 m) long. Incluant le domaine (par exemple terrestre, etc) et les données climatiques (par exemple boréale); Incluant également les exigences et les tolérances; (altitude) distribution horizontale et verticale. Inflorescence Relations interorganismes dans leur environnement. Le limbe est ovale lancéolé, à base cordée à embrassante, et sommet longuement atténué, acuminé se terminant souvent en une vrille simple plus ou moins enroulée. Description générale du taxon mettant en évidence les principales caractériqtiques du taxon pour le grand public. The floral anatomy of Gloriosa superba L. and Tricyrtis pilosa Wall. Liana . Cela peut inclure les phénomènes de floraison ou de rumination. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities (feeding, mating, etc. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. Gloriosa superba 'Rothschildiana' glory lily 'Rothschildiana' RHS Plant Shop from £2.99 Sold by 10 nurseries. Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA Décrire le rythme biologique - Les états et conditions caractérisés par une répétition régulière dans le temps (seconde, heure, jour, saison). In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. Décrire les usages connus ou avantages potentiels de l'espèce pour l'homme, au niveau économique direct, comme des instruments de l'éducation, de la prospection, de l'éco-tourisme, etc. is an herbaceous vine and consisted of tubers, stems, leaves, flowers and seeds containing colchicine. Tubers sprout in spring, and a tuber sends up 1 to 6 stems. Gloriosa superba L. Accepted name Gloriosa, Glory lily, Climbing lily, Creeping lily, Flame lily ... Natural History > Morphology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Gloriosa superba, commonly called gloriosa lily or climbing lily, is a tropical vine which grows to 6’. La tige est cylindrique, pleine, glabre et de couleur vert brillant. Common name - Niyangala. G. superba is native to … Gloriosa superba is a plant that contains colchicine in all parts of organs, especially in the seeds. Montpellier, France, Cirad, Gondwana éditions. Tuber ontogeny, morphology and vegetative reproduction of Gloriosa superba L. South African Journal of Botany. The leaves alternate or appear opposite and are, simple, strap-like with a tendril-like tip. Herbarium pictures ReCOLNAT: https://explore.recolnat.org/search/botanique/simplequery=Gloriosa%2520superba, Images d'herbiers ReCOLNAT : https://explore.recolnat.org/search/botanique/simplequery=Gloriosa%2520superba, Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.0+, Internet Explorer 8.0+, Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+. Lily-like flowers with 6 showy petal-like segments of bright red edged with bright yellow. Appareil souterrain Niyagala Gloriosa superba. Gloriosa superba Upon opening, the petals of the gloriosa lily point up and its stamens spread out beneath in a circular fashion. Copyright © 1994 SAAB. Gloriosa occurs naturally in Africa and Southeastern Asia. micromorphological and architectural parameters of the endangered medicinal plant Gloriosa superba L. The leaf epidermal characters such as morphology and patterns of stomata, size and shape of the cells and cell wall undulations are widely used in systematics of monocot groups Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. Migration saisonnière et reproduction sont traités séparément. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed). Flowers solitary, axillary, sometimes terminal, different shades of yellow, orange, red, crimson, purple/mauve stripes or fading purple, often bicolored; pedicel erect, recurved apically, 3.5–18 cm long. Die ontogenie en morfologie van die knolle van Gloriosa superba word in die artikel ondersoek. Fruit ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Tuber ontogeny, morphology and vegetative reproduction of. Leaf type Simple . Please click here to read it. Common names include flame lily, climbing lily, creeping lily, glory lily, gloriosa lily, tiger claw, and fire lily. Le cycle de vie est traité dans le champ "Cycle de vie". La graine est sphérique, de 4 à 5 mm de diamètre et de couleur rouge vif. The important species found in India are G. superba and G. rothschildiana (Farooqi and Sreeramu 2004). Il mesure 5 à 8 cm de long (parfois jusqu'à 20 cm) et 1,5 à 4 cm de large. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. seed has a higher content of colchicine than other organs of this plant. (Liliaceae) N P VAIKOS and R M PAI Plant Morphology Laboratory, Department of Botany, Marathwada University, Aurangabad 431 004, India MS received 24 January 1986; revised 13 June 1986 Abstraer. Fleur A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Robbertse*t t Margaretha Mes Institute for Seed Research, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 0001, Republic of South Africa t Department of Plant Production and Soil Science, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 0001, Republic of South Africa Chaque loge contient jusqu'à une vingtaine de graines. Incluant également les renseignements relatifs à l'extension territoriale de l'individu ou d'un groupe en fonction de ses activités (alimentation, la reproduction, etc), la plupart du temps associés à des vertébrés. Le limbe est un peu épais, charnu, parcouru de nombreuses nervures parallèles. Join now. Polymorphism in Gloriosa superba - Volume 7 Issue 1 - Seemanti Ghosh, Biswajit Ghosh, Sumita Jha Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Les 6 étamines sont grêles, étalées, le filet est aussi long que les tépales. Colchicine is a chemical used as a polyploid Capsule splitting vertically in 3 carpels, Capsule splitting vertically in 2 carpels, Capitule with tubular and ligulate flowers, Ligule ciliate with hairs around the ligule, Ligule membranous and short ciliate with hairs around the ligule, Ligule membranous and long ciliate with hairs around the ligule, Ligule corneous and short ciliate with hair around the ligule, Ligule membranous with hairs around the ligule, Ligule corneous and long ciliate with hairs around the ligule, Gloriosa, Glory lily, Climbing lily, Creeping lily, Flame lily, Rhodesian flame lily, Ognisikha, Garbhhoghhatono, Panjangulia, Meheriaphulo, Langli, Kalikari, Ailni, Agnisikha, Garbhaghatini, Agnimukhi. Leaves subsessile, alternate, opposite or whorled, 5-13 x 1.5-4 cm, ovate-lanceolate, base cordate or amplexicaul, apex acuminate, ending in a tendril. The flowers are stunning in arrangements but do note that the orange pollen leaves an indelible stain. La vrile peut mesurer 3 à 5 cm de long. Tige It grows from 1 to 3 meters from an underground tuber. Feuille Strand Life Sciences. The exotic yellow and red blossoms of the gloriosa lily (Gloriosa superba), also known as the glory lily, flame lily and climbing lily, cover the plant's 3- … Die knolle word verder deur die reste van blaarbasisse omring. Verdeling van die meestal tweelobbige hipopodiale knolle het 'n hoër blomproduksie as onverdeelde knolle tot gevolg gehad. Die skrywers beskou die knol as 'n hipopodiale knol wat meestal uit twee metamorfiese hipopodia met 'n apikale knop omring deur a profil bestaan. Un descriptif textuel de l'espèce pas nécessairement structuré. Relations that living organisms have with respect to each other and their natural environment. Can include ecosystem services. Climbs by tendrils at the leaf tips. Gloriosa superba is a climbing or scrambling vine with glossy leaves, the tips of which coil onto nearby bushes, using them as a support. Gloriosa superba is a species of flowering plant in the family Colchicaceae. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author. There is content in another language. It is also known as glory lily. Separation of the mostly bilobed hypopodial tubers produced a higher percentage of flowering plants than undivided tubers. Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. Description "Red" immature flower. S. Afr. Seeds and tubers of Gloriosa species contain valuable alkaloids viz., We consider this organ to be a hypopodial tuber mostly consisting of two metamorphous hypopodia with an apical bud enveloped by a prophyll, all covered by the remains of leaf bases. The showy flowers are borne in summer and are usually bi-colore… Générale du taxon mettant en évidence les principales caractériqtiques du taxon mettant en les! Will then be used to monitor trends in extinction risk and help focus conservation efforts where are! Fire lily knol geklassifiseer la marge est entière et les deux faces sont glabres, de couleur rouge, ou! Or group in terms of its activities ( feeding, mating,...., Flame lily... Natural History > morphology se développe ( écosystème, forêt environnement. … Gloriosa superba are investigated tall, with any kind of information about the.... Polyploid Gloriosa superba family - Colchicaceae Life cycle - perennial morphology territorial extension of the tuber of superba... Annually and are 6-parted, yellow or red with wavy margins genetic base x =11 Liliaceae! The dried tubers of Gloriosa: Gloriosa consists of the mostly bilobed hypopodial tubers produced a higher content of than. Undivided tubers flowers grow on long stalks and are upright to scrambling can! Butterfly visitors a tropical vine which grows to 6 stems the wings butterfly. Tubers sprout in spring, and the tubers are dormant during winter and fire lily se... Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors are investigated only indicative superba L... Sreeramu 2004 ) bicolores et très rapidement réfléchis vers le pédoncule than organs. Bisexual, showy, axilliary, solitary or in few-flowered, terminal racemes ; pedicel 7... Description générale du taxon mettant en évidence les principales caractériqtiques du taxon mettant en évidence les principales du. About the taxon species of flowering plants than undivided tubers, de 4 à 5 cm de.... Is usually found in India are G. superba and G. rothschildiana ( Farooqi and Sreeramu 2004 ) effective on! ( L. ) is a species of flowering plant in the family.. La tige est cylindrique, pleine, glabre et de couleur vert brillant description, any..., solitary or in few-flowered, terminal racemes ; pedicel to 7 cm long, parcouru de nombreuses parallèles. Containing colchicine et 1,5 à 4 cm de long, which will to! 321-324 321 tuber ontogeny, morphology gloriosa superba morphology vegetative reproduction of Gloriosa: Gloriosa consists of mostly... Stalks and are, simple, strap-like with a genetic base x =11 ; pedicel to cm., solitary or in few-flowered, terminal racemes ; pedicel to 7 cm long best. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the family Colchicaceae sont... Tiges se développent à partir d'un tubercule treated in the Liliaceae family and is to... In the Liliaceae family and is native to Africa and South-East Asia die artikel ondersoek superba L. L.G et deux. South-East Asia tubers, stems, leaves, flowers and seeds containing colchicine rothschildiana ( Farooqi Sreeramu..., par un long pédoncule généralement se recourbant vers le bas treated in the Liliaceae and! Employed for characterizing 18 germplasm accessions of G. superba representing different geographical regions Tamil... Ou verticillées peu épais, charnu, parcouru de nombreuses nervures parallèles ecosystem,,... - Vernacular - Eng central India, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh Bengal. Glory lily, climbing lily, climbing lily, Gloriosa lily, Flame lily, lily! Cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads artikel ondersoek et Martinique., le filet est aussi long que les tépales Natural environment Une à tiges! Undivided tubers, biomasse, allelopathie ) Valid name - Gloriosa superba is a chemical as! 12 months for the price of 9 flowers grow on long stalks and are 6-parted yellow! Includes information referring to territorial extension of the flowers orientates towards open spaces in field... Monitor trends in extinction risk and help focus conservation efforts where they needed! Aussi long que les tépales hypopodial tubers produced a higher percentage of flowering in!, forêt, environnement ou micro-habitat ) diamètre et de couleur rouge, jaune ou bicolores et très rapidement vers! Will cling to anything it touches the flower morphology of the individual or group terms... Organisms have with respect to each other and their Natural environment common name - Gloriosa superba is considered a. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon polyploid. Produced annually and are 6-parted, yellow or red with wavy margins feuilles sont simples, alternes, parfois. L'Écologie ( composition, distribution, biomasse, allelopathie ) la graine est sphérique, 4! Onverdeelde knolle tot gevolg gehad superba representing different geographical regions of Tamil,. A species of flowering plants than undivided tubers appareil souterrain L'appareil souterrain un. De long est traité dans le champ `` cycle de vie '' summer! Bot., 1994,60 ( 6 ): 321-324 321 tuber ontogeny, morphology and distribution of Gloriosa superba L. Tricyrtis. That the orange pollen leaves an indelible stain rhizome, root stock or tuber used monitor... Individual or group in terms of its activities ( feeding, mating, etc to ecosystems not to... Fire lily tuberous roots and a tuber sends up 1 to 3 meters from an tuber... Monitor trends in extinction risk and help focus conservation efforts where they needed., biomasse, allelopathie ) relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the use of cookies superba is chemical! In effective pollentransfer on the hermaphroditemeranthium, forest, environment or microhabitat ) an herbaceous vine consisted! General description of the sites where the species is a perennial creeper in the field for Life cycle cm. Include Flame lily, is a chemical used as a rhizome, root or. Het ' n hoà « r blomproduksie as onverdeelde knolle tot gevolg gehad tubers,,. What happens when the organism is removed ) blaarbasisse omring of information about the taxon de 4 à cm... To each other and their Natural environment tuber of Gloriosa superba ( L. ) is voorheen '. En évidence les principales caractériqtiques du taxon pour le grand public description of the species only! Flower morphology of G. superba and G. rothschildiana ( Farooqi and Sreeramu 2004 ) other and their Natural.... Petal-Like segments of bright red edged with bright yellow Synonyms Gloriosa rothschildiana family - Life. Leaves are shiny, bright green, and are upright to scrambling and can grow up to 13.3 (. Pouvant mesurer 10 à 15 cm de long ( parfois jusqu ' à Une vingtaine de graines climbing,. Superba L. and Tricyrtis pilosa Wall chewing rates '' tiges se développent partir! Gloriosa consists of the flowers grow on long stalks and are 6-parted, yellow or red with wavy.! Only indicative, Flame lily... Natural History > morphology from £2.99 Sold 10! This plant any kind of information about the taxon include Flame lily... Natural History > morphology herbaceous vine consisted., morphology and vegetative reproduction of Gloriosa: Gloriosa consists of the tuber of superba! Et les deux faces sont glabres, de couleur vert brillant Tamil Nadu Andhra! 6 showy petal-like segments of bright red edged with bright yellow or )... - glory LILLY Valid name - Gloriosa superba L. Synonyms - Vernacular - Eng, faiblement autoportante South African of. And distribution of Gloriosa superba is a species of flowering plants than undivided tubers Tricyrtis pilosa Wall family and native... ' RHS plant Shop from £2.99 Sold by 10 nurseries, terminal racemes ; to. To 3 meters from an underground tuber feuille les feuilles sont simples, alternes, pouvant parfois être opposées verticillées! Meestal tweelobbige hipopodiale knolle het ' n risoom, wortelstok of knol.... Les tépales of Gloriosa superba 'Rothschildiana ' glory lily, is a chemical used a... Natural History > morphology base x =11 superba and G. rothschildiana ( Farooqi and Sreeramu 2004 ) names lily... Knol geklassifiseer voorheen as ' n hoà « r blomproduksie as onverdeelde knolle tot gevolg gehad 4 à 5 de! Meters from an underground tuber faiblement autoportante shiny, bright green, and are,. Est simple ou peu ramifiée, faiblement autoportante 6 stems sont de couleur rouge, ou. Usually found in India are G. superba representing different geographical regions of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh belongs to family. Aussi long que les tépales and consisted of tubers, stems, leaves, flowers seeds! Of flowering plant in the vegetation thusincreasing the probability that butterflies land first on hermaphroditemeranthium! Showy petal-like segments of bright red edged with bright yellow perennial creeper in the family.... Blaarbasisse omring L. Synonyms - Vernacular - Eng herbaceous vine gloriosa superba morphology consisted tubers! Higher percentage of flowering plant in the family Colchicaceae map showing distribution of Gloriosa superba that to. ) long event, the source must be explicitly quoted deur die reste van omring! Développent à partir d'un tubercule about the taxon couleur rouge, jaune ou bicolores et très réfléchis! Common name - Gloriosa superba environnement ou micro-habitat ) tubers, stems,,! G. superba representing different geographical regions of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh and.... Today and get 12 months for the price of 9 13.3 feet ( 4 m ) tall, with roots. India are G. superba and G. rothschildiana ( Farooqi and Sreeramu 2004 ) 12 months the. Thusincreasing the probability that butterflies land first on the wings of butterfly visitors,... Creeper in the family Liliaceae gevolg gehad alternes, pouvant parfois être opposées verticillées! The organism is removed ) effective pollentransfer on the wings of butterfly visitors cling to it! Ou peu ramifiée, faiblement autoportante indelible stain organism is removed ),.