Blind athletes compete in class 11, wear compulsory blindfolds and run with a guide runner. Goalball is played by visually impaired athletes and a special rule means there is no need for classification. In order to ensure a fair competition, athletes in the S/SB11 sport class are required to wear blackened goggles. BC1 athletes may have an aide on court to pass them their ball before each shot but do not use assistive devices. The 5 impairment groups are split up into 16 classes. Players who do not have cerebral palsy but have another impairment in all four limbs and have similar functional ability to BC2 athletes. H1 athletes have no trunk or leg function and limited arm function while H3 athletes have no leg function but good trunk and arm function. They have the highest visual acuity and/or a visual field of less than 20 degrees radius. All players are given a points rating between 1.0 and 4.5 - a 1.0 point player equates to the most severe impairment, 4.5 to the least. Each team fields five players but the rating of each player must not exceed a total of 14 points at any time on court. Basketball is open to wheelchair athletes, whose impairments may include paraplegia, lower limb amputation, cerebral palsy and polio. "I'm in S9 and I'm missing my arm from below the elbow. Visual 10. Allocated to swimmers with a visual impairment. There are ten different types of impairments: 1. Athletes with good balance and recovery, and full trunk movement with a fully functioning fencing arm. PT2-4: These classes are for ambulant athletes whose impairments include loss of muscle strength, range of movement and loss of limbs. The prefix “SM” is given to athletes competing in individual medley events. The below combinations of S and SB sport classes are the most common combinations, but it is possible that that athlete has another combination of sport classes, for example S7 and SB7. The current para-swimming classification set out by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) uses classes S1 – S10 for different levels of physical impairment, with a lower number indicating a more severe impairment. Allocated to swimmers with a physical impairment. 40: Track and field athletes with short stature (also known medically as dwarfism). Info. PT1: This class is for wheelchair users. In the F55-58 classes the trunk and leg function increases. These supplementary conditions are to be adhered to in conjunction with the general conditions for the Regional Championships. Athletes with physical impairments either compete on bicycles (road and track), handcycles or tricycles (road only). Classifica tion types can be broken down to physical (S1-S10), vision (S11-S13) and intellectual (S14). Athletes in class 51-52 are affected in both lower and upper limbs. All players in the five-a-side game must wear eyeshades except the goalkeeper, who is sighted but cannot leave the area. There are three events for men and women in the Rio programme - 1,500m, long jump and shot put- these particular events have been medically proven to have an impact on performance for T/F20 competitors. Swimming was one of eight sports practiced at the first Paralympic Games in 1960 in Rome, Italy and is now one of the most popular. SH2: For rifle competitors who have an impairment in their arms and therefore require a shooting stand. Athletes in class 51-52 are affected in both lower and upper limbs. S/SB12: Athletes have a higher visual acuity than athletes competing in the S/SB11 sport class … Every week a new sport will be featured and the series will run until September’s Games, helping the public understand more about the 22 sports being contested in Rio. Athetosis 9. The Swimming Australia Classification Card is issued to swimming club members who have an eligible swimming classification. The “S” that you see before the class designates an athlete’s class for the freestyle, backstroke and butterfly events. Track and field athletes with cerebral palsy or other neurological conditions that affect muscle co-ordination and control. Swimming Classification Master List 3 Players with cerebral palsy who are able to use their hands to consistently propel a ball into play and have greater functional ability than a BC1 athlete. BC2: Players with cerebral palsy who are able to use their hands to consistently propel a ball into play and have greater functional ability than a BC1 athlete. Athletes with a visual impairment compete in three sport classes from S/SB11 to S/SB13. This is taken into account when classifying an athlete. Category A: Athletes with good balance and recovery, and full trunk movement with a fully functioning fencing arm. •SM: individual medley. denotes the class for freestyle, backstroke and butterfly. S2 SB1. Rowing is divided into four classes made up of letters to identify which body parts athletes are able to use when rowing. S1 Topic 6 Classifying Animals ... understand and use the English terms for animal classification (e.g., pythons, reptiles, scales, lay, shelled eggs, birds, feathers, hooked ... swimming and searching for food. Their hand, trunk and leg function is limited due to tetraplegia or co-ordination problems, for example. Individuals are given a lower classification if their impairment affects their swimming to a larger degree, and a higher classification if their impairments affects them less. AS (arms and shoulders): Athletes have full movement in their arms and shoulders with limited or no leg function e.g. Boccia (a bowling game) is open to athletes with cerebral palsy and other severe physical disabilities (eg muscular dystrophy) who compete from a wheelchair, with classification split into four classes. Swimmers compete in three impairment groups: physical, visual and intellectual. 1. BC1 athletes may have an aide on court to pass them their ball before each shot but do not use assistive devices. Conditions such as muscular dystrophy, spina bifida and tetraplegia will fall under this classification. For use of control areas, see Section 414.2.: b. The following are general examples of impairments and resulting functional abilities described in each sport class profiles. Moreover, S14 swimmers show a higher number of strokes relative to their speed than able-bodied high performance swimmers. There are three sailing classes: the Sonar, which is a mixed three-person crew, the Skud-18, a mixed two-person class, and the 2.4mR event, which is operated by a single person. TA (trunk and arms): Athletes with a good level of trunk and arm movement. At least one C5 or C6 class athlete must be on the field at all times and a team is not allowed to have more than two C8 players on the field. S/SB13: Athletes have the least severe visual impairment eligible for Paralympic sport. A letter F is for field athletes, T represents those who compete on the track, and the number shown refers to their impairment. Athletes in this sport class, for example, swim with joint restrictions in one leg or with double below-the-knee amputations. Each team is comprised of four players and is allowed a maximum of eight points on court at any one time. There are three events for men and women in the Rio programme - 1,500m, long jump and shot put- these particular events have been medically proven to have an impact on performance for T/F20 competitors. Due to the different demands of S and SB events, swimmers are often allocated different S and SB sport classes. Grade II: Riders have a very limited ability in both lower limbs and a good trunk balance, or milder limitations in upper and lower limbs with reduced trunk control. Grade Ib: Riders with either severely reduced trunk control and minimal upper limb conditions or moderate upper and lower limb and trunk conditions. Swimmers in this class usually use a wheelchair in daily life. T53 athletes have fully functioning arms but have no trunk function at all, while T54 athletes have partial trunk and leg functions. SB denotes the class for breaststroke, and SM denotes the class for individual medley. Grade IV: Ambulant athletes with either impaired vision or reduced motion or muscle strength or impaired arm or leg function. Hypertonia 7. Most players in this class usually attach the racket to their hand using a strap. For full details, refer to the Swimming Australia Classification Policy and Procedures Manual. Players with cerebral palsy or other impairments in all four limbs who are unable to throw or kick a ball into play. Swimmers in this sport class mainly rely on their arms for swimming. This class can also include the visually impaired. Sitting volleyball is contested by athletes with a physical impairment with the majority being amputees. Allocated to swimmers with an intellectual impairment. There is no categorisation as competitors are divided by weight in the same way as able-bodied athletes. Athletes competing in this event are split into two classes. Athletes in this class have difficulty with reaction time and memory recognition during an event. In wheelchair tennis competitions, players are allowed two bounces of the ball, the first bounce being within the bounds of the court. Most competitors in this class compete in a wheelchair. Watch Women's 100m freestyle S4 (S1-4) | Heat 1 | 2014 IPC Swimming European Championships Eindhoven - Paralympics on Dailymotion Swimmers in this sport class mainly rely on their arms for swimming. S1 SB1. IPC Swimming caters for three impairment groups - physical, visual and intellectual. Some athletes also have limited trunk control. This category also includes blind riders and those with conditions such as dwarfism. Athletes in the T1 class have more serious co-ordination problems then T2 athletes. The aggregate quantity in use and storage shall not exceed the quantity listed for storage. KL2: Athletes in this sports class have partial trunk and leg function; they are able to sit upright in the kayak. Athletes in this class have difficulty with reaction time and memory recognition during an event. 20: Track and field athletes who are intellectually impaired. Most use a wheelchair in daily life. Loss of limb or limb deficiency 4. 11: Athletes with an intellectual impairment. Athletes in this sports class have partial trunk and leg function; they are able to sit upright in the kayak. Sport fans from around the world can now buy their Paralympic tickets for Rio 2016 from authorised ticket resellers (ATRs). Swimmers in this class usually use a wheelchair in daily life. BC4: Players who do not have cerebral palsy but have another impairment in all four limbs and have similar functional ability to BC2 athletes. These include the loss of one hand or a movement restriction in one hip joint. Athletes with amputations of three limbs could also swim in this sport class. The categories range from S1 up to S17. Category B: Athletes with poor balance and recovery, but full use of one or both upper limbs. Athletes with different impairments compete against each other, because sport classes are allocated based on the impact the impairment has on swimming, rather than on the impairment itself. All competitors (WPS Classification S1 – S13) must have an authorised British Swimming or where applicable WPS Swimming classification, which is held on the British Swimming or WPS Swimming classification database at the time of entry. For example, an athlete with a double leg amputation would compete in the C3 class, while an athlete with a single leg amputation would compete a class higher in C4. Also, athletes with significant restrictions across hip, knee and ankle joints could compete in this sport class. The classification system for swimming runs from S1 to S15, and individuals with physical impairments are classed between S1 to S10. They swim, cycle using a hand-bike and complete the 5km run in a racing wheelchair. event, which is operated by a single person. Athletes can choose to compete sitting or standing. Bicycle C1-5: Cyclists may have a condition like cerebral palsy or have a leg or arm amputation. S14 swimmers have an intellectual impairment, which typically leads to the athletes having difficulties with regards to pattern recognition, sequencing, and memory, or having a slower reaction time, which impact on sport performance in general. Amdt14.S1.4.1.3.1.3.1.2 Appropriate Level of ... A classification made expressly upon the basis of race triggers strict scrutiny ... in which a 5-to-4 majority refused to order a city to reopen its swimming pools closed allegedly to avoid complying with a court order to desegregate them. Open to athletes with an impairment but who have movement in the legs, trunk and arms. B1-2 classes: Visually impaired athletes compete on tandem bikes with a sighted guide. Each crew of three is allowed a maximum of 14 points between them. 6-10: Ambulant athletes, with class six the most severely impaired and class 10 the least. The football contains ball bearings to produce a noise when it moves. H5 athletes sit on their knees and use their arms and trunk. Swimming Queensland (SQ) is pleased to present the 2019 - 2020 Development Program. Track and field amputees. Ambulant athletes with either impaired vision or reduced motion or muscle strength or impaired arm or leg function. These groups are called ‘sport classes.’ The process of classification determines which athletes are eligible to compete and how athletes are grouped together for competition. Five-a-side football is played by those with a visual impairment. Judo is contested by visually impaired athletes only. LTA (legs, trunk and arms): Open to athletes with an impairment but who have movement in the legs, trunk and arms. Click her… Wheelchair track athletes. There are no offside rules. In Paralympic swimming, there are 14 different classifications. In the F55-58 classes the trunk and leg function increases. Players in the quad class have a severe impairment in their legs with some level of impairment in their playing arm. requested at registration Impaired passive range of movement 3. 1-5: Athletes competing from a wheelchair, with class one the most severely impaired and class five the least impaired. 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