CLUB. It designates a broadsword, derived from spatha in Greek and Latin. SEAT. A bid or call requiring further action by partner. The legal obligation of each player to play a card of the suit led if possible. The term dates from bridge whist, which introduced the idea of an exposed hand visible to the other players. The insult bonus is 100 if the contract succeeds when redoubled. HONORS. Outside of more ways to redeem points, they said, ‘help me with my travel experience.’. The lower honors, i.e., queens and jacks, as opposed to primary honors – aces and kings. The outline of the club suggests a cloverleaf. A method of drawing the opponents’ attention to the fact that a particular bid has a conventional or unusual meaning. IN THE RED. In rubber bridge, a player who replaces a member of the table who is called away or must leave during or before the finish of a rubber. He leads low from his hand, finessing North’s 8. If a contract is doubled or redoubled, and overtricks are taken, the premium accruing to declarer’s side can be substantial. THROW IN. In bridge, there are various meanings, both in bidding and play. The same as total-point scoring. POWERHOUSE. GUIDE CARD. Number as used here refers to the high numerical value of a set contract that a competitor sustains (e.g., 500, 800, 1100). The maximum number of matchpoints possible on a board. The hand that controls the situation – more particularly, the one that controls the trump suit, leading out high trumps to prevent adverse ruffs and retaining a trump or two to prevent the adverse run of a long side suit. THROWING THE LEAD (into a desired defender’s hand). The term is also used to indicate the order in bidding rotation, as in “second hand” or “fourth hand.”. CONTRACTING SIDE. Experienced players attempt to adjust the speed of their own bidding and play so as always to use the same tempo and thus not convey information to partner or to the opponents. A descriptive term usually signifying a hand that is very strong in high-card points, but it can apply to one that has extraordinary playing strength. A partscore (below-game score) earns a bonus of 100 points. In the Trappola Pack, the pips often vary in size and design, and the swords and cudgels are usually interlaced. At duplicate, making an overtrick can be all-important – it can actually win a board or even an entire tournament. The tenth-ranking card in a suit, having five pips of the suit to which it belongs. The margin of difference on any board is of no consequence – winning a board by 10 is the same as winning a board by 4000 – it’s one. It has least value when isolated (10-x-x) or in a solid suit (A-K-Q-J-10). A contract at bridge that presents no problems to declarer, so easily makeable that it almost plays itself. Since 1992, in ACBL contests, any margin is a win. LOCKED (IN OR OUT OF A HAND). ROUND HAND. EVENT. A term encompassing all four suits plus notrump. MINI-NOTRUMP. ♦ 5. For the purposes of a notrump rebid, a low doubleton in an unbid suit is undesirable, and a low tripleton is unattractive. A basis for determining the relative strength of a hand, especially for notrump contracts. TRICK. South needs one diamond trick. The ♥8 is played. (3) A card fixed so that it can be read in a cheating situation. A card so placed that a finesse, if taken, will lose: “The king was offside.”. Two tricks over book or eight tricks in all. RATING POINTS. Generally, trusses are made of steel. ROTATION. (1) Cards that are in sequence in the same suit, as the 10 and 9 in a holding of K-10-9-6. SCRATCH. The jack, the fourth-highest ranking card of a suit. His psychological motivation is usually a reluctance to be set in any contract. MIRROR DISTRIBUTION. EXTRA TRICK. The term is borrowed from such games as two-handed pinochle and French whist, in which it is permissible to revoke. JETTISON. The symbol © for the second-ranking suit in bridge. Also known as a phantom save. Three-board rounds require about 20 minutes; four-board rounds 25. Also, specifically aces and kings. MARKED FINESSE. DECLARER. A sequence of bids that, taken together, commit both members of a partnership to reach a game contract. Colloquial synonym for revoke (fail to follow suit when able to). The ability of both members of a partnership to follow an agreed system when partnership action is called for. A bid, based on a long suit, made with less-than-normal values because of a misfit with partner’s bid suit after it has been doubled. SUBSTITUTE. As auction bridge replaced whist, the term “congress” gave way to “tournament,” as the accent shifted from sociability to competition. OPPOSITION. EQUALS. Honorary Members; Nadine Wood Volunteer of the Year; New Members; New Life Masters; Rank Achievement If you have questions about our benefits and services, call ACBL customer service at 662-253-3191 or email service@acbl.org. (2) To defend or play so badly that a very poor score results. DROP-DEAD BID. This combination of plays is now called an INTRA-FINESSE. (1) Any duplicate bridge contest or (2) a bidding situation in which both sides are active. (1) Verb: to spread the hand, either as a claim or as a concession of the remaining tricks. THIRTEENER. COFFEEHOUSING. Unbalanced is the opposite of balanced distribution. A call that increases the scoring value of odd tricks or undertricks of your partnership’s bid following a double by the opponents of your partnership’s bid. Member of Parliament, a member of the House of Commons, M.P. Since West cannot profitably lead clubs, his only chance is to shift to a trump. HAND. A position in a bridge foursome or in a bridge diagram opposite South and to the left of West. Body is a factor to consider when making a borderline opening bid. Colloquialism for sacrifice or save, as in, “We took the sac.”. (2) Verb: Colloquially, to blank; to discard the guards, as in “He stiffed his king.”. A printed tablet of sheets of paper used to keep a record of the scores in a game of rubber or Chicago. A side that is vulnerable has to be more careful about taking chances and saves because the penalties are substantially higher. The lower cards rank numerically. (1) To make the first bid in a given auction, (2) to lead to the first trick in the play, (3) description of a tournament contest (pairs and teams) in which any pair or team of whatever constituency may play, (4) description of a room in a championship event in which spectators may be present in somewhat substantial numbers as opposed to a closed room that is limited as to both audience and accessibility, (5) description of a club game in which anyone may play. SHORT SUIT. CLAIM. When East cannot cover, declarer’s last diamond is discarded. In general, a specific sanction to hold a tournament must be obtained from ACBL well in advance of the date scheduled for the tournament. Also a description of a set of cards that have been established during play and are winners ready to cash. Regular games on commuter trains. SECTION. JUNIOR. A truss is a series of individual members, acting in tension or compression and performing together as a unit. So 1 ♥ – Pass – 1NT or 1 ♥ – Pass – 2 ♥ are each 6-9 (and may have to stretch a little), and 1 ♥ – Pass – 1 ♠ –  Pass; 2 ♠ is 13–16, or the distributional equivalent. In Chicago, a four-hand variation of rubber bridge, the vulnerability also is arbitrarily assigned in similar fashion; no vulnerability on the first hand; dealer vulnerable on the second and third hands; and everyone vulnerable on the last hand. CLOSED HAND. If South loses a tempo by taking a spade finesse, the defense will continue hearts, reducing South’s trumps to one fewer than West’s. (4) To prepare for a pinning play in the same suit. (1) The player to the left of the dealer. NUMBER. In duplicate and Chicago, the award is 500 if vulnerable, 300 if not vulnerable. a structure that spans and provides a passage over a road, railway, river, or some other obstacle. TOP HONOR. HIGH CARD. FOURTH-SUIT ARTIFICIAL. The contestants scheduled to play against the phantom pair have a bye round. A holding of 10-9-2 is certainly worthless if the bidding marks partner with a singleton or a void, and very probably worthless opposite a doubleton. ♦ Q 3 2, ♦ 7 6 5 Bridge slang term describing an easily makable contract. LIMIT BID. A card that must lose a trick to the adversaries if led or if it must be played when the suit is led by an adversary. A finesse that is certain to win because (1) an opponent shows out, (2) the position of an honor has been pinpointed by the bidding or (3) the previous play has indicated the location of a crucial opposing card. The opposite of “right-siding” the contract. Of course, in some distributional holdings or freak hands, such defensive values evaporate. An opening 1NT with a range considerably lower than the standard 15-17 high-card points – usually 10-12 HCP. East plays two round of spades. The person who first plays to any given trick. CONTESTANT. SOLID SUIT. (Declarer cannot succeed in this deal if he leads diamonds himself. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Score pads come in various shapes and sizes, and some are imprinted with the name of the club at which they are used, but they are all ruled with printed lines, leaving spaces for entering game and partial score results and extra premiums such as undertrick penalties and slam and rubber bonuses and honors. A dubious tenet of defensive play is to lead “through strength and up to weakness.”. If West started with K-10 or Q-10, this will drive a high honor from the East hand and a second finesse of the jack will result in two tricks for South. Adjusting Key: A wrench in which the jaws are made adjustable. A bid at a level higher than is necessary to raise the previous bid. He cashes the ace and then leads toward dummy. ♠ J 9 3           ♠ K 8 7 5 The term is usually used to describe an original or dealt combination, as an ace-king tripleton in diamonds. Generally referred to in connection with opening leads. Queens and jacks, also called soft values, as distinct from ace and kings, which are primary or “hard” values. The seventh-highest ranking card in each suit, having eight pips of the suit to which it belongs on the face. PLATINUM POINTS. DOUBLETON. (2) Verb: To cause to ruff; to cause a player to use a high card. The lead of a low card in a suit in which the master card or cards is held. MISINFORMATION. Strength in high cards or in distribution. It resembles a smaller version of the old recap. Not vulnerable. TRAP PASS. TOURNAMENT. More than one finesse in the same suit, as with leading to the A-Q-10 and playing the 10, followed by a return to hand to play to the queen. He therefore leads a club to North’s queen, finessing against the king. SAC. LONG HAND. DUPLICATE. An opening bid on a three-card suit, used mainly by partnerships employing five-card majors. Scoring can be done via written pickup slips or by wireless scoring devices. Some bridge-playing computer programs can look at the cards of the other three players during play in order to play as well as possible. ESTABLISHED ENTRY. More game contracts are played at notrump than at any other denomination. Defeated. One of four rectangular areas in a duplicate board that hold the four hands, designated North, South, East and West. TEAMMATES. A finesse for a single card held by the adversaries. The rules of whist provided that the trump suit was the suit of the last card dealt by the dealer to himself. A bid that is distinctly discouraging, but does not bar partner from making a further move. (1) The score earned by a pair as a result of the play of a hand, including trick points, premium scores and bonus. In most circumstances, a strong six-card suit or a seven-card suit is necessary. A suit is said to stand up until it is ruffed by declarer. ♦ 10 7 5 4 2 Subsequent calls proceed normally in a clockwise direction. In estimating the trick-taking strength of a hand, the holder assumes that his long suit (or suits) will break evenly among the other three hands unless the auction indicated otherwise, and adds the number of tricks his long suit (or suits) is likely to yield to his quick-trick total of the other suits.